The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson


Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
Manufacturers:
   B.F. Goodrich    Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  
Links

 

Aeroproducts Division of General Motors in World War Two / WWII
 
Vandalia, OH
1935-1960
Rest in Peace

This page updated 5-5-2015.


 Author's Photo.

Aeroproducts is one of the more obscure and now forgotten General Motors Divisions but was a prime contributor to the American WWII effort with aircraft propellers.  The last Aeroproducts propeller was built in Indianapolis, IN in 1977 after it had become part of the Allison Division of GM.  The particular design of the propeller allowed for a 37mm Oldsmobile built cannon to fire through the hub on the Bell P-39 and P-63.

The Aeroproducts Division of General Motors won the Army-Navy "E" Award on October 15, 1943.


The Award ceremonies on October 15,1943 at the front entrance to the Aeroproducts Plant in Vandalia.

Aeroproducts World War Two / WWII Production Numbers / Statistics:   (20,773) Aircraft Propellers - For F8F, P-39, P-63, XP-75, P-75A, P-51K and P-51H.  Only the the P-39F(229), P-39J(25) and P-39K (210) were equipped with the Aeroproducts propeller for a total of 464 for this type aircraft.  During the war Aeroproducts had 2,500 employees.

Aeroproducts WWII Propeller Applications

Aircraft Propeller Designation Number of Blades Diameter in Feet Dates Comments
Bell P-39F A632S 3 10.3 1941  
Bell P-39K-1 A632S 3 10.3 First Delivery in July of 1942  
Bell P-39K-5 A632S 3 11.6    
Bell P-39Q-21 A632S 4 ? SOP March 1943  
Bell P-63A A642S-D!, D3, E1, E2 4 11.0 First flight 12-7-1942  
Fisher XP-75 and P-75 AD7562-X5 6 12.6 First flight 11-17-1943  
Republic P-47B AD6462-X1 6   1943 AD designated dual rotation in Aeroproducts nomenclature.  In 1943 there was only one test flight of a P-47B with the Aeroproducts AD6462-X1 counter rotating propeller.  The propeller was found to de-stabilize the aircraft, and it was the only test flight ever made with the Thunderbolt and Aeroproducts propeller.  Added 5-5-2015.
Bell XP-77 A5215 2 9.5 First Flight 4-1-1944  
Vought XF4U-4 AD7562-X5 6 12.6 6-1944 to 8-1944 Testing indicated the AD7562-X5 resulted in the XF4U-4 being ten MPH slower, the climb rate reduced by 300 FPM while weighing 203 lbs more than than a standard four blade propeller.  Added 5-5-2015.  
Republic XP-72 AD7562-14 6   First Flight 6-26-1944  
Grumman F8F-1 A642-G1 4 12.6 First Flight 8-31-1944  
Grumman F8F-2 A642 4 12.6    
North American P-51F/G   3 or 4      
North American P-51K A542S 4 11.0    
North American P-51H A542-B2 4 11.0 First Flight 2-3-1945  
North American P-82 A542 4 11.0 First Flight 6-16-1945  
Boeing XF8B-1 AD7562-XB 6 13.5 First Flight 12-27-1944  


The Aeroproducts plant in Vandalia, OH.  During World War Two this Aeroproducts produced 3% of the total propellers made during WWII.  Photo added 2-27-2015.


This is the Aeroproducts administration building as it still stood before being razed in 2008.  When the product line went to Allison Division in 1960 Inland Division of GM then took over this building and the related manufacturing facilities. This was located just across the street from the Dayton International Airport.  The "E" for Excellence Award ceremonies took place at the main entrance in October 1943 as shown above.  Author's Photo.


 Author's Photo.


This ad is from 1944.


The Aeroprop emblems can be seen on this Grumman F8F Bearcat.  The diameter of the propeller is 12 feet and seven inches.  Author's photo from the 2009 Chino Airshow, Chino, CA.


Here a Grumman F8F Bearcat climbs for altitude at the 2013 Houston Airshow.  The Aeroprop emblems can be seen as blurs in this photo.  Author's Photo.


The Aeroprop emblems can again be seen as blurs in this photo at the 2013 Houston Airshow.  Author's Photo.


 This Fisher Body XP-75 on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force has an Aeroproducts counter rotating prop.  Author's Photo.


 The first flight of the Fisher XP-75 took place on 11-17-1943.  Author's Photo.


The Aeroproducts Counter Rotating Props were also used on these World War Two experimental aircraft:  Republic XP-72, Boeing XF8B-1and the Curtiss XBCT-2.  Author's Photo.


This shows the Aeroprop four-bladed propeller on a Bell P-63E display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force.   Author's Photo.


 Author's Photo.


This is not an Aeroproducts propeller as this is a Bell P-30Q.  But this photo does show show how with either the Curtiss Electric or Aeroproducts propeller hub it was possible to have the barrel of an Oldsmobile 37mm cannon installed in it.   Author's photo from the National Museum of the United States Air Force.


This shows the entire P-39 drive train with General Motors Divisions' components.  On the left is the Allison V-1710 engine, then the Oldsmobile built 37mm cannon, the Cadillac gear reduction unit and then the Aeroproducts propeller.  The engine was behind the pilot and the driveshaft went between the pilot's legs and allows the cannon to fire out center hub of the prop.  Author's photo from the National Museum of the United States Air Force.


Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.
 


This P-39Q shows the aircraft type that is similar to the 464 P-39 aircraft that the Aeroproducts prop went into.  Note that the engine exhaust stacks are behind the pilot where the GM Allison V-1710 engine was located.  Author's Photo.

Blades for Victory - The Story of the Aeroproducts Propeller & the Men & Women who build it
This gives an excellent overview of what and how the Aeroproducts propeller was made by those who made it during the Second World War.


 

 

 

 

 

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