The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson

Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Serial Numbers for WWII Tanks built by the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   GMC   GMI   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck and Implement Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   Caterpillar   Clark Equipment Company   Cleveland Tractor Company   Federal Motor Truck   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Massey-Harris   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   R.G. LeTourneau   Seagrave Fire Apparatus   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
   B.F. Goodrich    Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  


Brown-Lipe-Chapin Division of General Motors Corporation in World War Two / WWII
Syracuse, NY
(After WWII it became part of Ternstedt Division.)

This page updated 11-16-2017.

A Brown-Lipe-Chapin Division initiated operations for General Motors on January 13, 1936 when it began making automotive components for GM vehicles being produced on the east coast.  Included were many of the same items then being produced by the Guide-Lamp Division of Anderson, IN which included headlights, taillights, hubcaps and bumper guards.  With the US military beginning to re-arm, Brown-Lipe-Chapin took on its first military contract on September 14, 1940 for the Browning .30 Caliber M2 Aircraft Machine Gun.  Brown-Lipe-Chapin was one of three companies in New York that built 193,556 of the .30 M2 until  August of 1942 when it was decided a more powerful weapon was needed for aircraft defense and offense.

Original plans called for the Division to switch to the .30 caliber water cooled machine gun and tooling had started when it was decided that Brown-Lipe-Chapin for the rest of the war to produce the M2 .50 Aircraft Machine gun.  Tooling started in September of 1942 for the new tooling and in March of 1943 the Division started volume production of the .50 M2 Aircraft Machine Gun.  The last .30 M2 machine gun was came down the line on the 18th of March.  The changeover to the larger caliber gun was complete.

 Brown-Lipe-Chapin World War Two Production Statistics:  A portion of (193,566) .30 caliber M2 Aircraft Machine guns, (?) .50 caliber M2 Aircraft Machine guns and .30 M1 carbine barrels.

Brown-Lipe-Chapin Division won the Army-Navy "E" Award three times.

Here is an interesting and little know application for .30 M2 machine guns built by the Brown-Lipe-Chapin Division of General Motors.  Goodyear built airships had one .30 M2 mounted in the front of the gondola.   This is the only fully restored gondola of the 134 K-ships built during WWII and is from K-28.  Author's photo from the New England Air Museum added 11-14-2017.

 Author's photo from the New England Air Museum added 11-14-2017.

The Curtiss SB2C Helldiver was the last of the US Navy's dedicated dive bombers, and the last aircraft with rear protection provided by Browning .30 caliber M2 aircraft machine guns.  Author's photo from the 2014 Tico Airshow.

 The .30 M2 had a rate of fire of 1,000 rounds per minute that was twice the the rate of fire of the infantry version of the weapon.  It was also one third lighter.  Author's photo.

 The last .30 M2 machine gun came off the assembly line at Brown-Lipe-Chapin on March 18, 1943.  Author's photo.

 This was not to be.  After six months of tooling effort in 1942 this weapon was cancelled before it went in to production with Brown-Lipe-Chapin.  Author's photo from the US Army Basic Combat Training Museum at Fort Jackson, SC.

A cutaway of a .30 caliber machine gun used for training purposes during WWII.  Author's photo added 11-16-2017.

The cutaway gives an excellent view of the internal workings of the .30 caliber machine gun built by the  Brown-Lipe-Chapin in WWII.  Author's photo added 11-16-2017

 The first .50 caliber M2 aircraft machine guns started coming off the Brown-Lipe-Chapin assembly lines in March of 1943 with a production rate three times of the previous weapon.  The .50 M2 was used extensively on US WWII aircraft and this photo demonstrates its diverse use on B-25 "Old Glory".  One can see two "cheek guns along with two fixed and one flexible gun in the glass nose.  The top turret has another two.  Author's photo from the 2012 Doolittle Reunion gathering at Urbana, OH.

"Georgie's Gal" is armed in a similar manner.  Author's photo from the 2013 Doolittle Reunion gathering at Urbana, OH.

 An excellent example of using both the .30 and .50 aircraft flexible machine guns built by Brown-Lipe-Chapin in World War Two is this this Army Air Force's version of the Consolidated PBY Catalina, the OA-10A.  This example at the National Museum of the US Air Force has two each of the different type machine guns.  The Navy's PBY versions would be similarly armed.  Author's photo added 1-4-2015.

 The nose turret had one .30 flexible machine gun.  Note the offset aiming site.  Author's photo added 1-4-2015.

The aircraft also had side blisters armed with one .50 M2 aircraft machine gun eahc.  Author's photo added 1-4-2015.

This close-up of the side blister shows how .50 M2 machine guns built by Brown-Lipe-Chapin would be mounted in the aircraft.  When not in use the machine gun folded back inside and the Plexiglas blister rolled over the opening.  Author's photo added 1-4-2015.

In the back of the full is this tail or "stinger" gun.  Yet another application for the .30 Brown-Lipe-Chapin flexible aircraft machine gun.  Author's photo added 1-4-2015.

 Brown-Lipe-Chapin Division built barrels for the WWII M1 Carbine.  Author's photo from the Patton Museum at Fort Knox, KY.

Brown-Lipe Chapin Division, General Motors Corporation "Goes to War"
Below are selected pages from the 1944 publication by the Division on its participation in WWII.

Shown here are its pre-war products and the first weapon it built, the M2 aircraft machine gun.

This page shows the "E for Excellence" award.  The Division would not have been able to print this unless it won the award.




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