Steering Gear Division of General Motors Corporation in World War Two
Rest in Peace
This page added 6-18-2017.
The Saginaw Steering Gear Plant #1 won the Army-Navy "E" Award three
times during WWII.
The Saginaw Steering Gear Plant #2 won the Army-Navy "E" Award three
times during WWII.
Plant 2 was constructed for the production of
.30 machine guns in March 1941, and was known as the Machine Gun Plant.
The author has been in this plant, unaware of its WWII history when
In July 1942 Saginaw Steering Gear (SSG) took over management of an
unused Chevrolet plant in Atlanta, GA for the production of 37mm shot
for anti-tank guns.
Saginaw Steering Gear Division of GM World War Two Production Statistics: (367,853) 1919A4 .30 caliber machine
guns, (44,531) 1919A6 .30 caliber machine guns, (517,213) .30 caliber M1
carbines, (13,377,152) 37mm projectiles, (148,981) 57mm
projectiles. Saginaw Steering gear also manufactured components
for the M3 Submachine Gun built by the Guide Lamp Division of GM.
SSG produced bolt assemblies, barrel bushings and barrel collars for the
SSG produced subassemblies for many other
military products. They included subassemblies and components for:
Amphibian trucks (GMC DUKW), Canadian military vehicles (GM of Canada),
20mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns (Pontiac Motor Division), 40mm Bofors
anti-aircraft guns (Pontiac Motor Division), industrial trucks,
industrial cranes, industrial tractors, military aircraft, military road
building equipment, Export Reconnaissance Vehicles (Chevrolet Staghound
Armored Car), Armored Cars (Chevrolet Staghound Armored Car), diesel
engine parts for trucks, tanks and boats (Detroit Diesel Division), Army
Tanks (Fisher Body Grand Blanc Tank Arsenal), Army Tank Destroyers
(Fisher Body Grand Blanc Tank Arsenal and Buick Motor Division),
Gun Turrets, Army and Navy Supply Vehicles (GMC and Chevrolet).
This Saginaw Steering Gear M1 Carbine was
photographed by the author at the 2017 South Carolina National Guard Air
and Ground Expo. It is serial number 18074161.
Serial number 18074161 was part of the
original Irwin-Pedersen Arms Company's contracted serial numbers that
Saginaw Steering took over at the request of the government.
This 1919A4 .30 caliber machine gun is
on display at the USMC Museum in Triangle, VA. It is one of the
367,853 1919A4s produced by Saginaw Steering Gear during WWII.
The serial number on the weapon is 566591.
The former SSG Grand Rapids carbine plant in
February 2017. The plant has expanded many times since World War
Two when SSG produced M1 carbines at this location. Originally the
plant was owned by Irwin-Pedersen Arms Company which was contracted to
build the M1 carbine. However, when none of the first production
was accepted by the US Military, Saginaw Steering Gear Division was
asked by the government to take over the contract. SSG produced
112,519 carbines that were part of the original Irwin-Pedersen contract
in the plant. It also produced another 37,499 under its own
contract at this location. The remaining 367,195 carbines were
produced in Saginaw. In 1943 the plant was turned over to the
newly formed Diesel Equipment Division, which produced fuel injectors
for the Cleveland Diesel, Detroit Diesel, and Electro-Motive Divisions
of General Motors. The author has been in this plant, unaware of
its WWII connections when there. Author's photo.
The north parking lot. Today
General Motors operates the plant. Author's photo.
"Your Plant and its Products"
The Saginaw Steering Gear Grand Rapids
Plant in WWII
This booklet also has
excellent information on the Saginaw and Atlanta plants and products
Below are some weapons and equipment
Saginaw Steering Division supplied components and subassemblies for.
Pontiac built 20mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft
guns. Author's photo.
GMC and Chevrolet both built the GMC DUKW amphibious truck. This
one is on display at the USS Edson in Saginaw, MI. Author's photo.
The Guide-Lamp manufactured M3 submachine
gun. Author's photo.
A Detroit Diesel engine in a Landing Craft,
Vehicle, Personnel (LCVP) landing craft. Author's photo.
The Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel.
Buick built M18 Hellcat tank destroyers.
The Fisher Body Grand Blanc Tank Arsenal
built M4A3 Sherman tanks. Author's photo.
GMC and Chevrolet both built the GMC CCKW 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck.
For more information on machine gun
manufactured by not only Saginaw Steering Gear during World War Two, but
also the Frigidaire Division, the AC Sparkplug Division, and the Brown-Lipe-Chapin
Division, all of General Motors, go to:
One Million Browning Machine Guns