Producing More for
One Million Browning
Motors Corporation in World War Two / WWII
New Page Added
- Buick M18 Tank Destroyer photo page added 12-12-2016.
New page added - Pontiac Motor Division page added 11-15-2016.
New pages added - Fisher Body M4A3 and M10 photo pages added 11-10-2016.
New page added - Cleveland Diesel Division of General Motors added
New page added - Grand Blanc built M4A2 Sherman Tank images added
New page added - Fisher Body Detroit Die and Machine Plant added 2-15-2016.
Detroit Diesel "The Power to Win" added 1-3-2016.
United Motors Service and the Lima Tank Depot added 12-7-2015.
Toward Victory added on GM page 11-17-2015.
New page added - Fisher Body Memphis Plant added 10-5-2015.
Hyatt Bearing Division added 10-2-2015.
Moraine Products added 9-19-2015.
"Fisher Body Grand
Blanc, MI Tank Arsenal" added 9-5-2015.
This page updated on 6-22-2016.
The 900 lb. Gorilla among the US
WWII Auto Companies!
General Motors at the start of the
second world war dwarfed all of the other auto makers and by itself was
close to being or was the same size as the rest of them put together.
In December of 1941 when war was declared GM had five car divisions;
Chevrolet, Pontiac, Oldsmobile, Buick and Cadillac. It also had
its body division in Fisher Body and its truck and bus division in GMC.
Then there were where the over 20 component divisions which made
everything from aircraft propellers to diesel engines. GM produced $12,321,789,412
in war materials during WWII out of the total of $29 billion produced by
the entire auto industry or $41%.
Of the 109 General Motors
plants operating in 46 communities and 13 states during the war, 66 of
them or 60% were awarded the Army-Navy "E" Award or the
Navy "E" Award during WWII. The 66 GM plants then added 154 stars as the
war progressed with one having six stars, and many of them with four.
Plants that won the Army-Navy "E" Award during WWII
General Motors Division
Number of times "E" Award won
Spark Plug Division, Flint, MI
Spark Plug Division, Ionia, MI
Allison Division, Indianapolis, IN
Brown-Lipe-Chapin Division, Syracuse, NY
Motor Division, Flint, MI
Motor Division, Melrose Park, IL
Cadillac Motor Car Division, Detroit, MI
Chevrolet Motor Division, Aviation Engine Plant #2, Tonawanda,
Chevrolet Motor Division, Aviation Engine Plant #1, Buffalo, NY
Chevrolet Motor Division, Motor and Axle Plant, Tonawanda, NY
Chevrolet, Bay City, MI
Chevrolet, Commercial Body Division, Indianapolis, IN
Chevrolet Gear and Axle Division, Detroit, MI
Cleveland Diesel Engine Division, Cleveland, OH
Appliance Division, Rochester, NY
Products Division, Dayton, OH
Radio Division, Kokomo, IN
Delco-Remy Division, Anderson, IN
Detroit Diesel Division, Detroit, MI
Detroit Transmission Division, Detroit, MI
Eastern Aircraft Division, Baltimore Division, Baltimore, MD
Eastern Aircraft Division, Bloomfield Division, Ampere, NJ
Eastern Aircraft Division, Bloomfield Division, Bloomfield, NJ
Eastern Aircraft Division, Linden Division, Linden Plant
Eastern Aircraft Division, Trenton Division, Trenton, NJ
Eastern Aircraft Division, North Tarrytown Division, Tarrytown,
Electro-Motive Division, LaGrange, IL
Fisher Body Division, Aircraft Unit, Plant #21, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Division, Central Development and Experimental Unit,
Plant #21, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Cleveland Division, Plant 1, Cleveland, OH
Fisher Body Cleveland Aircraft Division, Plant 2, Cleveland, OH
Fisher Body Division, Fleetwood Plant, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Division, Stamping Unit #37, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Division, Ternstedt Manufacturing Division, Division
#9, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Division, Ternstedt Manufacturing Division, Main
Plant, Division #3, and Plant 15, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Division, Die and Machine Unit, Detroit, MI
Fisher Body Division, Flint #1, MI
Fisher Body Division, Grand Blanc Tank Plant, Grand Blanc, MI
Fisher Body Division, Grand Rapids Stamping Plant, MI
Fisher Body Division, Lansing , MI
Fisher Body Division, Memphis Aircraft Plant, Memphis, TN
Fisher Body Division, Pontiac, MI
Frigidaire Division, Dayton, OH
Truck and Coach, Pontiac, MI
General Motors Proving Grounds, Milford, MI
Guide-Lamp Division, Anderson, IN
Harrison Radiator Division, Lockport, NY
Bearings Division, Clark Township Plant, Rahway, NJ
Hyatt Bearings Division, Harrison
Plant, Harrison, NJ
Inland Division, Dayton, OH
Oldsmobile Division, Lansing, MI
Oldsmobile Division, Kansas City, MO
Oldsmobile Division, Janesville, WI
Moraine Products Division, Dayton, OH
Departure Division, Plant A, Bristol, CT
Departure Division, Plant D, Meriden, CT
Packard Electric Division, Warren, OH
Packard Electric Division, Plant 4, Warren, OH
Pontiac Motor Car Division, Plant #4, Pontiac, MI
Pontiac Motor Car Division, Plant #11 (Torpedo), Pontiac, MI
Pontiac Motor Car Division, Plant #14, Pontiac, MI
Research Laboratories Division, Detroit, MI
Rochester Products Division, Rochester, NY
Saginaw Steering Gear Division, Plant #1, Saginaw, MI
Saginaw Steering Gear Division, Plant #2, Saginaw, MI
United Motors Service Division, Lima Tank Depot, Lima, OH
According to the 1945 GM
Annual Report, the company produced the following production totals
during the Second World War: (119,562,000) Shells, (39,181,000)
Cartridge Cases, (206,000) Aircraft Engines, (13,000) Naval Fighters and
Torpedo Bombers, (97,000) Aircraft Propellers, (301,000) Aircraft
Gyroscopes, (38,000) Tanks and Tank Destroyers, (854,000) Trucks,
(190,000) Cannon, (1,900,000) Machine Guns and Sub-Machine Guns,
(3,142,000) Carbines. (3,826,000) Electric Motors, (11,111,000) Fuses,
(360,000,000) Ball and Roller Bearings and (198,000) Diesel Engines.
These numbers are not inclusive of all products but give an
understanding of the types and numbers produced. More can be
learned looking at the individual divisions.
The Boeing B-29 was the largest and most
expensive project of the Second World War, surpassing even the Manhattan
Project in cost. Seventeen General Motors Divisions provided 800
subassemblies and parts for this WWII state of the art bomber.
They were: AC Sparkplug, Allison, Brown-Lipe-Chapin, Buick,
Chevrolet, Delco Appliance, Delco Products, Delco Radio, Delco-Remy,
Fisher Body, Frigidaire, Harrison Radiator, Hyatt Bearings, Moraine
Products, New Departure, Packard Electric, and Rochester Products.
General Motors World War Two / WWII Production Numbers / Statistics:
The production statistics for General Motor are detailed below by
Division, in alphabetical order. Many of the divisions listed
below have their own page with more information above in the General
AC-Sparkplug Division: Aircraft Parts -
Spark plugs, Sperry Auto Pilot, bombsight (unknown type but possibly
Sperry), bearings, torpedo director, oxygen pressure gauge, shell
magazine (37mm for P-39 and P-63), radiator pressure valve, carbon
stack insulator, ceramic engine cable connectors
.50 Caliber Machine Guns - Both Aircraft and Flexible machine
guns were produced. (AC and Frigidaire Divisions produced .50 caliber
machine guns and Brown-Lipe-Chapin and Saginaw Steering Divisions produced .30 caliber machine
guns. Between the four GM divisions they produced 1,217,837 machine
guns for the war effort.)
Instrument Panels - For tanks, trucks, cars, jeeps,
submarine, ships and other applications
Electric Fuel Pumps. and
Naval Diesel Engine Silencers
Aeroproducts Division: (24,000 or 20,773) Aircraft
Propellers - For F8F, P-39, P-63, XP-75, P-75A, P-51K and P-51H. For more
information see the dedicated Aeroproducts page above.
Allison: Aircraft Engines - (69,305) V-1710, V-3420,
(297) J-33, (16) J-31engines for P-38, P-39, P-63, P-40, P-51A,
A-36, P-59, XP-75, P-75A and P-80.
Buick-Oldsmobile-Pontiac Assembly Division (BOP): BOP first
showed up as a Division in the 1945 GM annual report and was a post war
division for the assembly of automobiles at locations away from the home
plants. Southgate, CA became part of this division after making
tanks for Cadillac.
portion of (193,566) .30 caliber M2 Aircraft Machine guns, .50
caliber M2 Aircraft Machine guns and .30 M1 carbine barrels. For
more information see the dedicated Brown-Lipe-Chapin page above.
Buick Motor Division:
(74,198) Pratt & Whitney R-1830 and
engines (Final assembly for the R-1830 was done at the Buick plant in Melrose, IL
and Flint for the R-2000.
Machining of components was shared between Melrose and Flint.), (2,507)
M18 Tank Destroyers, ( 640) M39 Armored Tractors (M18 chassis converted,
not new production), (19,928) M4, M10 and M26 transmissions and final
drive assemblies, (2,952) 90mm and 4.7 Anti-Aircraft Gun Mounts,
(148,196) Diesel Engine Crankshafts, (2,424,000) 75mm steel cartridge
cases, (1,149,300) 57mm shell bodies, (9,719,000) 20mm Shell Bodies,
(3,120,000) Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Aluminum Cylinder Heads, (52,200)
Rolls-Royce Aluminum Cylinder Blocks ( We have to assume these were for
the Packard built Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, (54,714) V-1650 Merlins
were built by Packard.), 204,500 Cylinder blocks and heads for Hercules
engines. For more information see the dedicated Buick page above.
Cadillac Motor Car Division: (1,824) M5 Stuart tanks,
(4,726) M5A1 Stuart tanks, (175) different parts for the Allison V-1710
aircraft engines including crankshafts, camshafts, connecting rods and
piston pins, supercharger rotator vane and gear reduction assembly,
(1,778) M8 3 inch howitzer motor carriages, (?) M24 Chaffee tanks
(4,731 total WWII production split with Massey-Harris.) and at least
(10,572) V-8 engines to other manufacturers of armored vehicles.
Cadillac built all 1,824 M5 Stuart tanks and 3,530 of the M5A1 Stuarts
in its Detroit plant. The remaining 1,196 M5A1 tanks were built in the
borrowed Buick-Olds-Pontiac (BOP) plant in South Gate, CA. Most
likely the 1,778 M8s were built at South Gate also.
Chevrolet Motor Division: (439,893) Chevrolet and GMC
trucks, (2,583) Passenger Sedans, (3,844) Staghound Medium Armored Cars,
(60,766) R-2800 and R-1830
Pratt & Whitney Radial Aircraft Engines (17 Chevrolet Plants involved
with final assembly at Tonawanda, NY. R-1830 engines were used on
C-47s, C-53s, and B-24s. Production of R-2800 was project started
in 1944 and the engines were for the P-61 and P-47.), 75mm armor piercing and high explosive projectiles, 3 Inch
armor piercing and high explosive projectiles, (2,000) 90mm
Anti-aircraft gun tubes, breech ring and block, and recoil rails, 200 million pounds of aluminum forgings
included forged aircraft propeller blades from four plants, making it the
second largest producer of Al forgings in the world, 5.7 million pounds
of magnesium castings, and two billion pounds of grey iron castings and
aluminum castings. For more information see the dedicated
Chevrolet page above.
Cleveland Diesel Engine Division: 150-2,000 hp diesel engines.
Applications for the Model 278A 16 cylinder, 1600 hp, two-cycle engine
included 70% of the US WWII submarine fleet and also destroyer escorts,
fleet and harbor tugs and landing craft. (The combined diesel engine
production of Cleveland Detroit Diesel, Detroit Diesel and
Electro-Motive Divisions was 198,000 during WWII.) For more information see the dedicated
Cleveland Diesel Engine Division page above.
Delco Appliance Division: Small electric motors for various military
applications such as aircraft flap motors, marine engine ignition
cut-out motors. For more information see the dedicated Delco
Appliance page above.
Delco Brake Division:
This division was formed in 1936 as a spin-off from the Delco Products
Division in Dayton where it had been the hydraulic brake department.
In August of 1942 it was joined with the Moraine Products Division as
Moraine Products. For more information on the combined Division
see the dedicated Moraine Products page.
Delco Products Division: (40,000,000)
20mm, 37mm and 40mm projectiles and fuses, (7,000,000) shock absorbers
for army trucks, gun carriages, tank destroyers and other armored
(1,000,000) electric motors to include windshield wiper motors for US
aircraft, fuel booster pumps for aircraft, Selsyn motors for
anti-aircraft guns and truck steering gears, (2,500,000) link assemblies
(23,000,000) spark plug shells for AC-Sparkplug (This must have been
production after April of 1943 as it is not mentioned in the "War Diary"
below, (6,500,000) miscellaneous items to include shafts and gears
for the Allison V-1710 aircraft engine,
(250,000) units of hydraulic actuating
devices for Grumman aircraft, (25,000) generators to include
those for large searchlights and applications on navy ships, (24,000) sets of aircraft landing gears
for B-24, B-25 and B-26,
(250) electric actuators.
For more information see the dedicated Delco Products page above.
Delco Radio Division: Anti-Radar Devices (Radar Jammers.) , IFF
(Identification, Friend or Foe) radio equipment for identification of
aircraft, Ignition testers, Oxygen Flow Indicators, Radios for Tanks,
Interphone Amplifiers, Aircraft Radio Components and Two-Way Field
Radios (Walkie-Talkies.). For more information see the dedicated
Delco Radio page above.
Delco-Remy Division: Electrical Components for Military Trucks -
Generators and generator regulators, starting motors, ignition
distributors and coils, switches, and batteries; Electrical Components
for Military Tanks and Armored Vehicles - Generators and generator
regulators, starting motors, ignition distributors and coils, apparatus
boxes, and batteries; Electrical Components for Military Aircraft -
Generators and generator regulators, magnetos, and batteries; Automatic
Aircraft Engine Controls; Solenoids for Sperry Autopilots; Automatic
Trim Tab Controls; Electrical Components for Military Marine
applications - Generators and generator regulators, starting motors,
ignition distributors and coils; Marine propeller pitch controls
for landing craft and submarine chasers; Marine diesel equipment -
pistons, blowers, pre-heaters and pre-heater fuel pumps, governors;
Tubing - for electrical, fuel, brake, air conditioning, oil and air
lines; Allison V-1710 engine castings - Various; Aircraft engine
machined parts - Various; (1,000,000) 20mm shell bodies; Various
solenoids for starting motors, aircraft bomb release racks, guns and
overdrive controls. For more information see the dedicated
Delco-Remy page above.
Detroit Diesel Engine Division: 15-250 hp diesel engines for trucks and
tanks. It also supplied built up engines to Gray Marine that
modified the engines for use in LCVP landing craft and others by adding
a water to water heat exchangers for cooling. (The combined
diesel engine production of Cleveland Detroit Diesel, Detroit Diesel and
Electro-Motive Divisions was 198,000 during WWII.) For more
information see the dedicated Detroit Diesel Engine Division page above.
Detroit Transmission Division:
At least (49,862)
Hydra-Matic Automatic transmissions for M5 Stuart and M26 Tanks, LVT(3)
Landing Craft, Staghound and Boarhound Armored Cars and M8 Motor
Carriages. It also provided parts for Browning machine guns
produced by other GM divisions. For more information see the dedicated Detroit Division
Diesel Equipment Division: This division was created in the
middle of the war in 1943 and given divisional status on January 1,
1944. to provide diesel engine components for the
three expanding GM diesel engine divisions.
Eastern Aircraft Division:
(1,060) FM-1 and (4,777) FM-2 Grumman
Fighters, (7,546)TBM Grumman Torpedo Bombers.
Electro-Motive Division: Diesel Engines for LSTs, 180 Foot
Patrol Craft Escorts, Army DPC 86 foot Tugboats, 110 Foot
Sub-chasers along with Components for LCI(L)s and Naval ship board
Generators. (The combined diesel engine production of
Cleveland Detroit Diesel, Detroit Diesel and Electro-Motive Divisions
was 198,000 during WWII.) For more information see the dedicated
Electro-Motive Division page above.
Fisher Body Division: (5,214) B-25
Bomber Assemblies which went to the North American Plant in Fairfax,
KS. Fisher Body supplied at the beginning of the war 55% of the
content in these B-25s. (13,772) B-29 Engine Nacelles.
(68,612) B-17 exhaust collector systems, (46,748) B-17 fixed engine
cowlings and (40,228) B-17 removable engine cowlings.
(20,000,000) Dzus Fastener Blanks, (85,600) 150 Drop Tanks for the US
Navy and (53,600) mounting kits. (168,400) Gyro Horizons and
(124,700) Directional Gyros, (46,615 Compass Transmitters and (76,291
Compass Indicators. For the Bendix Air Position Indicator
Ternstedt Division produced (4,724) analog computers, (4,716) pumps,
(9,425) right angle drives. (11,358) M-4 Tanks, (5,368) M-10
Tank Destroyers, (487) M-36 Tanks, (1,200) M-26 Tanks; (2,359) 90mm AA
guns, (550) 120mm AA Guns, (6,342) Breech Housings for 5in Naval guns,
(480) 5 inch gun mounts, (9,459) 3 inch Naval Guns, (888) Parts for
Heavy guns, (1,500,000) Parts for 20mm Cannons for Oldsmobile; (9,353)
crankcases for marine Diesel engines, (551,772) 155mm shells,
(2,000,000) incendiary bomb noses, (200,000) 4.5 inch rocket fins;
(140) planers, (250) vertical boring machines, (48) horizontal mills,
and (25) drilling and tapping machines; (50,000) cutting tools.
For more information see the dedicated Fisher-Body page above.
Fisher Body-Ternstedt Division:
This shows up for the first time in the 1945 GM annual report as a
distinct division. For the war effort its contributions are shown
under Fisher Body.
(363,000) .50 Caliber Browning M2 Machine
(1,000,000) spare .50 Caliber Machine Gun Barrels - First Contract was in
June of 1941. Frigidaire engineers made over 500 design and
manufacturing changes and reduced the cost of the machine gun to 25% of
original cost using mass manufacturing techniques. Chambering of one million FP-45 "Liberator" pistols to .45 caliber.
three blade Hamilton Standard Propellers for the C-47, B-17, B-24,
PB4Y and C-87. (54,737) four Blade Propellers for the B-29 and P-47.
Frigidaire also built components for both three and four bladed Aeroproducts
propellers, which was another GM Division located in nearby Vandalia,
OH. These propellers were installed on the Bell P-39 and P-63.
Components supplied by Frigidaire were the blades, hub, regulator
assembly, blade thrust member and other parts.
Various components including the long
range fuel tanks for the famous Doolittle Raiders' B-25s, components for
the Hispano-Suiza 20mm aerial cannon, diesel cylinders and heads the
Cleveland Diesel Division of GM that were installed in Sub Chasers,
carburetor bodies for radial aircraft engines, 20mm Oerlikon cannon
parts and millions of .50 caliber bullet cores.
For more information see the dedicated
Frigidaire page above.
Frigidaire Products of Canada:
This shows up for the first time in the 1945 GM annual report as a
distinct division. Frigidaire had a plant in Leaside, ONT, a
Toronto suburb since 1937. It is not know what contributions it
made to the war effort.
General Exchange Insurance Corporation: This was new in 1945 and had
no contribution to the war effort.
General Motors Acceptance Corporation:
This was new in 1945 and had no
contribution to the war effort.
General Motors Institute (GMI):
GMI was GM's own in-house four year college to produce engineers and
managers for its world wide operation. During WWII GMI provided
industrial training to 17,500 men and women to help them learn the
skills needed to produce military products in GM plants. Over
10,000 military personnel were trained here on GM wartime products.
General Motors of Canada, Ltd.:
((1,506) Mark 1 Fox Armored Cars, Modified
Canadian Military Pattern Trucks, (201,000) Canadian
Military Pattern Trucks (CMPT), (1,032) De Havilland Mosquito aircraft
fuselages, gun sights, gun mounts and 20,000 plus machine guns. For more information see the dedicated
General Motors of Canada, Ltd. page above.
GM Overseas Operations Division:
The main plants were in England, India, and Australia with smaller
ones in other countries. Products included tanks, trucks, aircraft
engines, anti-tank guns, artillery, assault boats, troop barges, aerial
torpedoes and depth bombs.
General Motors Parts Division: This would have supplied the
replacement parts needed to keep the civilian cars and trucks operating
during the Second World War. A limited number of spare parts were
manufactured during the war which became extremely important as no new
cars were being built.
General Motors Proving Ground:
Also known as the Milford Proving Grounds.
Test location for new WWII vehicles such as trucks, tanks and tank
destroyers. Over 900 vehicles from all manufacturers were tested
during the Second World War. For more information see the dedicated
General Motors Proving Grounds page above.
GMC Truck and Coach Division (Yellow
Truck & Coach Manufacturing Company): 528,829 6x6 trucks, 55,096
other types of multi-drive vehicles, (32) armored cars and busses
for military use. In 1944 limited civilian truck production
resumed to provide transportation for the US war industry.
(GMC did not become a GM Division until September 30, 1943.
Previous to that it was part of the assets of Yellow Truck & Coach
Manufacturing Company that was owned by GM, but not a division.)
Guide Lamp Division: (8,500,000) total of
headlamps, tail lamps, dome lamps, blackout lamps and signal
lamps; (3,400,000) Stimsonite reflector units; (22,000) Bell
Aircraft P-39 Aircobra spinner noses; (1,000,000) water jacket sleeves
for Allison aircraft engines; (36,750,000) cartridge cases for
37mm, 90mm and 105mm constructed of both brass and steel; (1,600,000)
.50 caliber Browning machine gun barrels; (682,163)
complete M3 and M3A1 submachine guns. This was an GM Inland Division design
with Guide doing all the final assembly. For more information see the
dedicated Guide Lamp page above.
Harrison Radiator Division: Radiators and oil coolers for various military
applications including tanks and aircraft. For more
information see the dedicated Harrison page above.
Hyatt Bearing Division: Roller bearings for various military applications.
For more information see the dedicated Hyatt page above.
Inland Manufacturing Division:
The .30 caliber Carbine:
The M1 carbine most identified with the Inland Division and during
WWII the division produced (1,984,189) M1 Carbines, (140,000) M1A1
Carbines, (500,000) M2 Carbines, and (811) M3(T3) Carbines.
Tank Shoes: (4,000,000)
Tank Tracks: (142,708) were built during the war.
Gun sights and Shoulder rests for Oerlikon 20mm anti-aircraft cannons:
(40,000) Gun Sights and (13,688) Shoulder Rests.
M-1 Helmet Liners:
Clutches: (846,000) of all types.
Truck Steering Wheels and Brake linings: Unknown numbers of
these were built for Chevrolet and GMC trucks.
Rubber Parts: (68.8 million) various rubber parts for military
vehicles, aircraft and ships.
The Inland Manufacturing
Division of won the coveted Army-Navy "E" for Excellence award at least
three times during the course of World War Two. For more information see the
dedicated Inland page above.
McKinnon Industries, Ltd.: This was the St. Catherine's,
ONT GM operation and during World War Two produced 4x4 trucks,
percussion fuses, dynamotors, for 2-way radios, fire control mechanism,
gyro gun sight motors, torpedo drives, elevating units for 3.7
anti-aircraft guns and ball and roller bearings.
Moraine Products Division: M-1 Anti-Tank Mine Fuse, M-64 Relay
Igniter Housing, M-20 Booster for powder charges, Tank Track Assemblies,
Spinner assemblies for Aeroproducts propeller, .50 caliber cores, M-57
fuse, parts for .50 caliber machine guns, aircraft hydraulic fittings,
Brake components for military trucks, Connecting rod bearings for
various military engines, Bearings and bushings, Porex parts, Powdered
For more information on the combined Division see the dedicated Moraine
Products page. For more information see the dedicated Moraine
Motors Holding Corporation:
This was new in 1945 and had no contribution
to the war effort.
Motors Insurance Corporation: This
was new in 1945 and had no contribution to the war effort.
New Departure Division:
New Departure continued to make the same product line during the Second
World War as it did previously which was roller bearings.
Available data shows that in 1942 it made 67,376,111 bearings and in
1943 it made 85,321,043 bearings for the war effort. Estimating
that it made another 85 million in 1944 and then 50 million in 1945 as
the war contracts were cancelled in August of 1945 New Departure
probably made on the order of 287 million bearings for thousands of
different uses in World War Two. More can be learned about those
military applications and some its previous history by visiting the
dedicated New Departure page listed above.
Oldsmobile World War Two / WWII Production
Numbers / Statistics for the Lansing, MI Home Plant
20mm M2 , (2,779) 37mm M4, (1,500) 37mm M4E3, (150) 37mm M1A2, (2,930)
37mm M9, (5,129) 75mm M6/T13, (21,894) 75mm M3, (14,135) 76mm M1A2,
Misc.: (24,713) M2 Feeders, (1,680) 37mm M4E3 Magazines,
(30,672) .50 Cal. Gun Tubes, (220,906) P&W Piston Rods, (27,050) 4.5
T22 Rockets, (231,198) T38 Rockets,
Shells: (8,597,161) 75mm M48 HE, (398,328) 75mm M66 ,
(5,417,737) 105mm HE , (316,362) 105mm M67, (3,740,678) 75mm M61,
(414,098) 75mm M62A, (330,476) 75mm M72, (1,026,1200 3in, (121,490)
155 M101,( 56,150) 75mm M61A1
The 75mm and 155mm shells were produced in the
Olds Plant 2 Forge Plant which was NW about a mile from the main Olds
complex. Total amount of shells, projectiles and
shot produced at the Lansing operation was 20,418,600 from 8-19 -42
Oldsmobile World War Two / WWII Production
Numbers / Statistics for the Janesville, WI Plant
3in M62APC Projectiles, (270,000) 3in M79 AP Projectiles, (6,585,950)
105mm HE Shells, (720,973) 90mm M82 APC Shells, (196, 315) M73HE
Shells, (558,358) 3in MK29 APC Shot
Oldsmobile borrowed both
the Chevrolet and Fisher Body plants for WWII production. Total amount
of shells, projectiles and shot produced at the plants was 12,420,353
from 7-7-42 until 8-19-45.
Oldsmobile World War Two / WWII Production
Numbers / Statistics the for Leeds, MO Plant
(3,198,255) 75mm M48HE
Shells, (1,980,994) 90mm M71HE Shells, (182,498) 75mm T39 HEAT Shells,
(3,149,516) 105mm M67 HE Shells, (1,060,413) 75mm M66 Shells,
(1,122,287) 3in M42A1 Shells, (1,805,274) 105mm M1 Shells
Oldsmobile borrowed this plant for the
war from the Fisher Body Div. of GMC. Total amount of shells,
projectiles and shot produced at the plant was 12,499,237 from 8-19
-42 until 6-30-45.
For more information see the dedicated
Oldsmobile page above.
Packard Electric Division: Electrical cable (wire)
from Packard Electric was used for the wiring a multitude of military applications
during the Second World War. Electrical wiring is ubiquitous as it
everywhere there are electrical circuits but it is usually never given
much thought as it is never seen. There was a considerable amount
of engineering and manufacturing expertise needed to get the correct
electrical insulation for the military application that Packard Electric
was able to provide for the war effort. Packard cable was used in
land vehicles, aircraft, ships, engines and various military instruments
and electrical equipment. It should be noted that WWII was
previous to the invention and use of the circuit board. Electrical
equipment all used point to point wiring that needed copious amount
cable and wire to make it work. For more information see the
dedicated Packard Electric page above.
Pontiac Motor Division:
20mm Oerlikon anti- aircraft cannon, 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft
cannon, aerial torpedoes, 155mm artillery shells, tank axles for the M-5 Stuart
and M24 Chaffee tanks built by
Cadillac, parts for Detroit Diesel to include fly-wheel housings,
connecting rods and cylinder liners, truck engine castings for GMC to
include six Cylinder blocks for all GMC and Chevrolet built GMC 270
engines, some but not all engine heads for GMC 270 engine, oil pump housings, bearing caps.
First auto manufacturer to win the Army Navy E for Excellence award from
the Navy on January 20,1942, which was the first of five.
For more information see the dedicated
Pontiac Motor Division page above.
Research Laboratories Division:
Research support for the manufacturing divisions. One important
development coming out of the GM Research Labs in 1942 was the 16
cylinder 2 cycle pancake diesel engine that was then manufactured by
Electro-Motive Division and was used to power (243) 110 foot Navy
Subchasers. The lab also developed the balancing and polishing
machine used by Electro-Motive for the brass propellers on the LCI(L), Landing
Craft Infantry (Large).
Rochester Products Division:
(75) types of Aircraft generators, (60)
types of relays, controls, radio filters, and carbon pile and contract
voltage regulators, naval alternators, voltage boosters, (60) types of
aircraft starting motors, hydraulic pump motors, and tank generators,
starters and control units. For more information see the dedicated
Rochester Products page above.
Saginaw Malleable Iron Division: Armasteel
for various military applications including Browning machine guns
manufactured by other GM divisions. For more information see
the dedicated Saginaw Malleable Iron page above.
Saginaw Steering Division:
(517,213) M1 .30 Caliber Carbines, (412,384) .30 Caliber Machine Guns,
(13,377,152) 37 mm and (148,981) 57 mm projectiles.
(AC, Brown-Lipe-Chapin and Frigidaire Divisions produced .50 caliber
machine guns, and Brown-Lipe-Chapin and Saginaw Steering Divisions produced .30 caliber machine
guns. Between the four GM divisions they produced 1,900,000 machine
guns for the war effort.) Of the (412,384) .30 caliber machine guns
produced by Saginaw Steering Division (43,479) were M1919A6.
Southern California Division:
This was last shown as a separate Division in the 1942 GM annual report and was the South
Gate, CA assembly plant. It was loaned to Cadillac for the war
effort and then at the end of the war became part of the new
Buick-Olds-Pontiac assembly division.
(?) M5 Stuarts from August-December, 1942
and (1,196) M5A1 Stuarts from December, 1942 through August of 1943, and
(1,778) M8 Gun Motor Carriages. The plant also rebuilt diesel
engines and produced aircraft parts. For more information see the
dedicated Southern California Division page above.
Sunlight Electric Division:
Sunlight made small motors for washing machines and was merged into
Packard Electric Division on July 1, 1943. See Packard Electrical
Division page for information.
United Motors Service, Inc.: This was the distribution
division to provide both parts and service to GM vehicles. In
November of 1942 United Motors took over management of the Lima, OH Tank
Depot which during the war prepared
many vehicles for the war in Europe, including the M-5 light tank, the
T-26 Pershing tank, and the M4 Sherman amphibious tank that was used on
D-Day. See the United Motors Service page for more information on
it and the Lima Tank Depot.
Yellow Manufacturing Acceptance
Corporation: This was new
in 1945 and had no contribution to the war effort.