The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute by David D Jackson

Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry   M36 Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry   Serial Numbers for WWII Tanks built by the American Auto Industry   Surviving LCVP Landing Craft    WWII Landing Craft Hull Numbers   Airborne Extra-Light Jeep Photos  The American Auto Industry vs. the German V-1 in WWII   American Auto Industry-Built Anti-Aircraft Guns in WWII   VT Proximity Manufacturers of WWII  
Revisions   Links

 Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Briggs Manufacturing Company   Checker Car Company   Chrysler Corporation   Crosley Corporation   Ford Motor Car Company   General Motors Corporation   Graham-Paige Motors Corporation   Hudson
Motor Car Company  Nash-Kelvinator   Packard Motor Car Company      Studebaker    Willys-Overland Motors

General Motors Divisions:  AC Spark Plug   Aeroproducts   Allison   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   GMC   GMI   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service   Vauxhall Motors

 Indiana Companies:  Converto Manufacturing    Cummins Engine Company   Delta Electric Company   Durham Manufacturing Company   Farnsworth Television and Radio Corporation   Howe Fire Apparatus   J.D. Adams Company  
Muncie Gear Works   Pierce Governor Company   Ross Gear and Tool Company   Sherrill Research Corporation   Wayne Works

Commercial Truck and Fire Apparatus Manufacturers:  American LaFrance   Autocar  
Biederman Motors Corporation   Brockway Motor Company   Detroit General   Diamond T   Federal Motor Truck   International Harvester   John Bean   Mack Truck   Marmon-Herrington Company   Oshkosh Motor Truck Corporation   Pacific Car and Foundry   Reo Motor Car Company  Seagrave Fire Apparatus   Sterling Motor Truck Company    Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Other World War Two Manufacturers:   Allis-Chalmers   American Car and Foundry   American Locomotive   Annapolis Yacht Yard  
B.F. Goodrich   Baldwin Locomotive Works   Boyertown Auto Body Works   Briggs & Stratton   Caterpillar   Chris-Craft   Clark Equipment Company   Cleveland Tractor Company   Continental Motors   Cushman Motor Works   Dail Steel Products   Federal Telephone and Radio Corp.   Firestone Tire and Rubber Company   Fruehauf Trailer Company   Galvin Manufacturing   Gibson Refrigerator Company   Hall-Scott   Harley-Davidson   Harris-Seybold-Potter   Herreshoff Manufacturing Company   Higgins Industries   Indian Motorcycle   John Deere   Kimberly-Clark   Kohler Company   Landers, Frary & Clark  Lima Locomotive Works   Massey-Harris   Otis Elevator   Owens Yacht   Pressed Steel Car Company   R.G. LeTourneau   Wells-Gardner   W.L. Maxson Corporation   York-Hoover Body Company  
   

 Kimberly-Clark in World War Two
Neenah, WI
1870-1985
Irving, TX
1985-Current


This page added 2-14-2021.

Kimberly-Clark is a paper making company that has many products that are used daily by many consumers around the world.  One of its many products, Kleenex, has become synonymous with facial tissue.  Yet, during World War Two, Kimberly-Clark produced what has become one of the iconic weapons of the war, the Multiple Caliber .50 Machine Gun Mount M45, more commonly known as the Maxson Quadmount.  The Kimberly-Clark M45 gun mount not only served in World War Two, but also in Korea and Vietnam.  In Vietnam, it was used by both the French and the American forces in that long war.


This White-built M16A2 half-track has a Kimberly-Clark-built Maxson Quadmount in it.  They  have most likely seen combat with American forces in Europe and Korea, and the French in Vietnam.  This was one of 413 M16A2 half-tracks that were sent to Korea in 1952 to help defend against human wave attacks.  It was one of four half-tracks transferred to the French for their war in Vietnam.  In 1956 it was transferred to the French Foreign Legion in the Horn of Africa, where the present owner found it while serving with the U.S. Army in 2006.  Author's photo.


This half-track and Kimberly-Clark gun mount were on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, OH.  This was a special limited time display during the first half of 2021.  Author's photo.


This is the only Kimberly-Clark Maxson Quadmount that has been identified to date.  Kimberly-Clark built 5,759 M45 and M45C Quad Mounts during World War Two.  This was 32% of the total built.  Author's photo. 


The Kimberly-Clark Ordnance Division in Neenah, WI won the Army-Navy "E" Award three times.

Kimberly-Clark World War Two Production: 
Neenah Ordnance Division: 
278 Multiple Caliber .50 Machine Gun Twin Mount M33s, 4,773 Multiple Caliber .50 Machine Gun Mount M45s, 1,022 Multiple Caliber .50 Machine Gun Mount M45Cs,  fuzes, crepe wadding packing sleeves, and asphalt treated fire resistant insulating material (tar paper).  The Ordnance Division was located in the company's original paper mill in Neenah.
Kimberly, WI Mill: 
Liquid chlorine.  In 1943 the plant was producing 390 tons of liquid chlorine per month.
Niagara Falls, NY Mill:  Rotogravure and book waste paper pulp

Kimberly-Clark M33 and M45 Gun Mounts Accepted by Detroit Ordnance, US Army
The information below comes from "Summary Report of Acceptances, Tank-Automotive Material, 1940-1945."
Published by Army Services Forces, Office, Chief of Ordnance-Detroit, Production Division, Requirements and Progress Branch
January 21, 1946.
Mount Type and Company 1942 1943 1944 1945 Total
M33   278     278
M45   2,754 2,019   4,773
M45C     1,022   1,022
 Totals   3,021 3,014   6,073

Author's Note:  For the remaining M45 Quadmounts shown on this page, no information is available if Kimberly-Clark built the units.


When the M45 is mounted onto an M20 trailer, the combination was known as the M55, as seen here at the Military Veterans Museum in Oshkosh, WI.  Kimberly-Clark was one of two companies that built the M45.  The builder of this M45 is unknown, but if it were built by Kimberly-Clark, it is only twenty miles from its point of manufacture.  Author's photo.


  Author's photo.


The Multiple Caliber .50 Machine Gun Mount M45 is more commonly known as the Maxson Quad Mount.  It is named after W.L. Maxson who invented the weapon.  This is one of the few weapons of World War Two that is known by the inventor's name.  The M45 was the second multiple gun mount that W.L. Maxson invented.  The first was the M33 twin .50 caliber mount, which was standardized by Army Ordnance on 2-26-1942 as the Twin Caliber .50 Multiple Machine Gun Mount.  It was primarily mounted on the M13 halftrack.  While W.L. Maxson invented and built prototypes of his gun mounts, his company did not receive the production contracts.  These were won by Kimberly-Clark and Landers, Frary & Clark.  Maxson did produce the variable speed drives for the weapons.


The M17 trailer was one of the methods of transporting the M45 during World War Two.  Author's photo.


 Author's photo.


The most popular method of transporting the M45 was on an M16 half-track.  The Louisiana Army National Guard used this type of weapon during World War Two to shoot down 127 German aircraft.  The 105th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion destroyed the aircraft while operating in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy.  Author's photo.


 Author's photo.


This White M16 Halftrack was on display at the now closed National Military Historical Center in Auburn, IN.  Author's Photo.


 This M16 with a Maxson Quad Mount was photographed at the Dayton Airshow.  Author's photo.


This is one of three half-tracks and two M16 versions on display at Camp Blanding, FL. 
Author's photo.


 In the M16 the M45 Maxson mounts had spacers between it and the vehicle floor for clearance when rotating.  These were added in 1952 before the half-tracks were sent to Korea.  This allowed the guns to depress to defend against human wave attacks.  Author's photo.


 The internal drive system has been removed.  This view shows that the turret was constructed using metal weldment fabrication.  The unit weighed 2,400 pounds.   Author's photo.


 This is the second M16 on display at Camp Blanding.  Author's photo.


This M16 with a Maxson M45 mount is at the Russell Military Museum in Zion, IL.  Author's photo.


It is not very often that one can frame a photo with an F-15 in the background.  Author's photo.

 

 

 

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