The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson


Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck and Implement Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Massey-Harris   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
Manufacturers:
   B.F. Goodrich    Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  
Links

 

 M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry
Built by Chrysler and Fisher Body

This page updated 10-24-2017.


Photos of the late WWII M26 Pershings that were built by both Chrysler and Fisher Body, and the later modified versions of the Pershings that were designated the M46 Patton are included on this photo page.  Of the 75 Pershings still left in the world, only 26 have been identified by manufacturer.  Of the 45 in the United States, 20 have been identified.

Included on this page are photos of the M46 Patton.  The M46 was a conversion of the original M26 Pershings.  After WWII, the engines and transmissions were replaced in many of the M26s to provide enhanced performance.  Of the 21 M46 Pattons still in existence, only five have been identified as to whether Chrysler or Fisher Body built it.

This page will exhibit photos of the known M26/M46s built by both Chrysler and Fisher Body, and those that cannot be identified.

Known Surviving Fisher Body and Chrysler built M26 Pershing tanks with identified Serial  Numbers
Fisher Body Serial Numbers:  11-1739
Chrysler Serial Numbers:  1761-2233
Pershings highlighted in dark gray indicates photos at bottom of page.

Serial Number Tank Arsenal Type Registration Number Location Location Comments
35 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI T26E3 30119845 Wolfeboro, NH, USA Wright Museum-Inside  
86 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30119896 Camp Shelby, MS, USA Mississippi Armed Forces Museum -Outside  
94 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI T26E3 30119904 Graffenwohr, Baviaria, Germany Armed Forces Facility Outside  
157 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30119967

Mobile, Alabama, USA

USS Alabama -Outside  
221 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI T26E3 30120031 Fort Benning, GA, USA The National Armor and Cavalry Museum - Outside  
367 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26A1 30127113 Brasschaat, Antwerpen, Belgium Gunfire Museum Outside  
370 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30127116 Anniston, Alabama, USA U.S Army Center for Military History Storage Facility  - Stored outside  
374 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30127120 Fort Stewart, GA, USA 3-7 Cavalry HQ Outside  
394 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26A1 30127140 Graffenwohr, Baviaria, Germany Armed Forces Facility - Wreck -Outside  
710 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30128476 Fort Benning, GA, USA The National Armor and Cavalry Museum - Stored  
893 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30127639 Fort Irwin, California, USA Motor Pool by Main Gate - Outside  
922 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26A1 30127668 New Bedford, MA, USA Franco-American Square - Outside  
1097 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30127843 Kaiserslautern, Reinland-Phalz KaiserslauternArmy Depot Outside  
1232 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30127978 Fort Bliss, TX, USA 1st Armored Division Museum - Outside  
1394 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26A1 30128140 Fort Benning, GA, USA The National Armor and Cavalry Museum - Stored  
1397 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI T26E4 30128143 Wheaton, IL USA 1st Division Museum - Outside This is a Fisher Body chassis with a special turret added by Wellman Engineering.
1517 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30128263 Fort Jackson, SC, USA Basic Training Museum - Outside  
1602 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30129348 Anniston, Alabama, USA U.S Army Center for Military History Storage Facility  - Stored outside  
1668 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI M26 30129414 Sinsheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany Auto+Technik Museum Outside  
1761 Chrysler Warren, MI M26 30128307 Fort Benning, GA, USA The National Armor and Cavalry Museum - Stored This is the first Chrysler M26.
1766 Chrysler Warren, MI M26 30128312 Austin, TX, USA Texas Forces Museum, Camp Mayby - Outside  
1773 Chrysler Warren, MI M26 30128319 Fort Benning, GA, USA The National Armor and Cavalry Museum - Stored  
1872 Chrysler Warren, MI M26A1 30128418 Sinsheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany Auto+Technik Museum Outside  
1947 Chrysler Warren, MI M26A1 30128493 Fort Benning, GA, USA The National Armor and Cavalry Museum - Stored  
1983 Chrysler Warren, MI M26 30128529 Fort Hood, TX, USA First Division Parade Field - Outside  
2018 Chrysler Warren, MI M26 30128564 Stanford, KY Veteran's Park- Main Entrance  
2206 Chrysler Warren, MI M26 30128752

Mobile, Alabama, USA -

USS Alabama -Outside This was previously erroneously identified as SN 152.  In Sept 2017 positive ID of 2206 was made by Matthew McCluney, Curator Technician, USS Alabama Museum

 

Known Surviving Chrysler built T25E2/M45 Pershings with 105mm Howitzers with identified Serial Numbers

The Warren Tank Arsenal built 185 Pershing chassis' with 105mm Howitzers
 Chrysler M26 Serial Numbers:  3984-4168
 

M45 Serial Number Tank Arsenal Type Registration Number Location Location
  Chrysler     None are known to exist  

 

Known Surviving M46 Patton tanks converted from Fisher Body and Chrysler built M26 Pershings with identified Serial Numbers

The M46 Pattons were given new serial numbers.  The new numbers appear to be stamped on the front tow lugs.
The serial numbers have been identified to date as:  2-1352

Fisher Body M26 Serial Numbers:  11-1760
Chrysler Serial Numbers:  1761-2233, 3984-4168
M46 Pattons highlighted in dark gray indicates photos at bottom of page.

M26 Serial Number Tank Arsenal Type Registration Number Location Location
594 Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI

 

M46 30127340 Army Heritage Center Carlisle, PA, USA  Outside

The table below provides production information on the T26EXX series of heavy tanks produced during WWII.  This information has been painstaking researched and gathered by Joe DeMarco in his quest to quantify what was actually built by Fisher Body and Chrysler.  We thank Joe for allowing this website to use this information.

Definitions:
T26E1: 
Prototype version of what became the T26E3/M26.  M3 90mm main gun with no muzzle brake.  All ten T26E1s under went extensive testing.
T26E2/M45: 
Assault version with a 105mm howitzer.
T26E3/M26: 
The definitive version of the series.  M3 90mm main gun with muzzle brake.
T26E5: 
Assault version with heavier armor retaining the M3 90 main gun.

T26E4:  This version was known as the Super Pershing because it was equipped with a high velocity T15E2 90mm cannon that used two part ammunition.  Twenty five Fisher Body T26E3/M26s were built with no turrets, and sent to Wellman Engineering where they were equipped with special turrets that mounted the T15E2 90mm main gun.  The 25 chassis provided to Wellman are included in the Fisher Body numbers below.

T26E1, T26E2, T26E3/M26, T26E5 Production Information
 Courtesy of Joe DeMarco
This section added 10-24-2017.
Manufacturer Model Date Monthly Production Serial numbers USA Registration Numbers Purchase Order
Fisher Body T26E1 2-1944 1 1 30103292 T-8244
    3-1944 3 2-4 30103293 30103295  
    4-1944 4 5-8 30103296 30103299  
    5-1944 2 9-10 30103300 - 30103301  
Total T26E1   10      
             
Fisher Body T26E3 11-1944 10 11 20 30119821 30119830 T-8244
    12-1944 30 21 50 30119831 30119860  
    1-1945 70 51 120 30119861 30119930  
    2-1945 132 121 252 30119931 30120062  
    3-1945 8 253 260 30120063 30120070 T-8244 and T-14674/1
    3-1945 172 261 432 30127007 30127178  
    4-1945 225 433 657 30127179 30127403  
    5-1945 243 658 900 30127404 30127646  
    6-1945 300 901 1200 30127647 30127946  
    7-1945 175 1201 1375 30127947 30128121  
    8-1945 125 1376 1500 30128122 30128246  
    9-1945 60 1501 1560 30128247 30128306  
    9-1945 46 1561 1605 30129307 30129351 T-14674/1 and T-14674/2
    10-1945 134 1606 1739 30129352 30129485  
Total T26E3/M26   1729      
             
Chrysler T26E3/M26 3-1945 14 1761 1774 30128307 30128320 T-14673
    4-1945 44 1775 1818 30128321 30128364  
    5-1945 118 1819 1936 30128365 30128482  
    6-1945 70 1937 2006 30128483 30128552  
    7-1945 102 2007 2108 30128553 30128654  
    8-1945 225 2109 2233 30128655 30128779  
Total T26E3/M26   473      
Grand Total T26E3/M26   2202      
             
Chrysler T26E2/M45 7-1945 1 3984 30131576 T-15461
    8-1945 36 3985 4020 30131577 30131612  
    9-1945 148 4021 4168 30131613 30131760  
Total T26E2/M45   185      
             
Chrysler T26E5 6-1945 5 10007 10011 30150824 30150828 T-2070
    7-1945 22 10012 10033 30150829 30150850  
Total T26E5   27      
             

 M26 Pershing Photos

Manufacturer:  Fisher Body Division of GM, Grand Blanc, MI Tank Arsenal
Serial Number:  35
US Registration Number: 
30119845
Date Built:  December 1944
Location: Wright Museum of WWII, Wolfeboro, NH
Date of Photo:  8-14-2017
Photos added to webpage 8-19-2017

This was one of the twenty Fisher Body Grand Blanc, MI built T26E3s that were shipped on an emergency basis to Europe before the tank had been fully tested by the US Army.  Much of the testing was done by the tankers that operated them in Europe, and the twenty tanks were what was know at the "Zebra Mission."  Serial numbers 27, 28, 35 and 39 participated in the taking of the Remagen Bridge Germany on March 7, 1945.

Serial number 35 is a rare running version of the Pershing.  With a three sided balcony above it at the museum I could take some overhead photos that are not normally possible.  Visiting the museum was the last stop on a seven day, 2,656 mile journey to several museums in the northeast US.  The Pershing tank was one of the main reasons for the trip.

I highly recommend visiting the museum, not only to see this Pershing, but to see all of the other first class displays the museum has exclusively pertaining to  World War Two.


Author's Photo.


Photo courtesy of Mike Culver, Executive Director, Wright WWII Museum.


Author's Photo.


In the background the US flag covers a garage door for driving the vehicles in and out of the museum.  Other photos by other persons and the museum itself will show the Pershing on the opposite side of the museum in front of the door, or sometimes not at all if the Pershing has been driven out to attend an event.  Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.


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Author's Photo.


The gearshift for the Detroit Transmission Torqmatic transmission is in the reverse position after it was backed into the museum through the door covered by the flag noted in the earlier photo.  Author's Photo.


This is the assistant driver's seat.  Author's Photo.


Because this is a running tank the museum tied a tarp underneath the Ford V-8 engine to keep oil off the floor.  It appears a significant amount has leaked out.  This is to be expected of the tanks with the aircraft radial engines in them that like to leak oil.  It seems unusual for a V-8.  Author's Photo.


Manufacturer:  Fisher Body Division of GM (Chassis only)
Serial Number: 1397 (Some sources show this as SN 97.  Information provided by Joe DeMarco indicates it is actually SN1397.)
US Registration Number:  30128143
Date Built:  January 1945
Location: First Division Museum, Wheaton, IL
Date of Photo:  9-27-2015
Fisher Body Grand Blanc provided twenty-five T26E5/M26 chassis only to Wellman Engineering which then mounted a high velocity T15E2 90mm cannon in a special turret.  This T26E4s "Super Pershing" on display at the First Division Museum at Cantigny is the only example still in existence.  Author's photo added 9-30-2015.  The T26E4 retained its designation as it not put into production.


The feature that gave the T26E4 its name Super Pershing is that it was equipped with a high velocity T15E2 90mm cannon that used two part ammunition.  Note the large counterweight welded to the rear of the turret to balance the long gun barrel.


This photo shows the long barrel of the T15E2 90mm cannon, which was five and a half feet longer than the normal M3 90mm cannon on the T26E3/M26.  An M46 Patton tank can be seen in the background.  This was the next version of the M26, with a more powerful 830 hp engine.  It is one of the many fine tanks on display outside at in the First Division Museum's tank park.


This shows another view of the large counterweight on the rear of the turret.


Manufacturer:  Fisher Body Division of GM
Serial Number:  1517
US Registration Number:  30128263
Date Built:  August 1945
Location:  Basic Combat Training Museum, Fort Jackson, SC
Date of Photo:  4-4-2014
The M4A3 Sherman tank next to it is also a Grand Blanc built tank.


Manufacturer:  Fisher Body Division of GM 
Serial Number:  1639
US Registration Number:  31029385
Date Built:  October 1945
Location:  Formerly at the Ropkey Armor Museum, Crawfordsville, IN
Date of Photo:  9-21-2013
This Pershing was sold in 2016, and is now part of the Collings Foundation collection in Stowe, MA.  The Ropkey Armor Museum closed for good on 7-31-2017.


Manufacturer:  Chrysler Corporation
Serial Number:  2018
US Registration Number:  30128564
Date Built:  July 1945
Location:  Veteran's Park, Stanford, KY
Date of Photo:  3-22-2017

Photo added 5-2-2017


Manufacturer:  Unknown
Serial Number:  Unknown
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Location:  Museum of the USMC, Triangle, VA
Date of Photo:  9-24-2016


 M46 Patton Photos

Manufacturer:  Fisher Body Division of GM
M26 Serial Number:  594
M26 US Registration Number:  30127340
Date Built:  April 1945
Location:  US Army Heritage Center, Carlisle, PA
Date of Photo:  6-1-2017

Photos added 8-18-2017

M46 Serial Number:  Unknown


Manufacturer:  Unknown
M26 Serial Number:  Unknown
M46 Serial Number:  160
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Location:  Pennsylvania National Guard Display, Fort Indiantown Gap, PA
Date of Photo:  6-1-2017

Photos added 8-18-2017


Manufacturer:  Unknown
Serial Number:  Unknown
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Location:  First Division Museum, Wheaton, IL
Date of Photo:  9-27-2015


 

 

 

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