The U.S. / American Automobile Industry in World War Two / WWII
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson

Overview
The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944
    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland
General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development)Aeroproducts   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   Guide Lamp   Inland   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Rochester Products
Truck Manufacturers:   Autocar  Diamond T   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   White Motor Company    
Updates and Additions  
Links
 

 

International Harvester in World War Two / WWII
Chicago, IL
1902- 1985 (For combined farm implement and truck operations.)
Navistar International continues to make what used to be IH trucks today.

This page updated 9-27-2014.

 International Harvester started producing motor vehicles with the "Auto Buggy" in 1907, and built the first 100 at the McCormick Works in Chicago, IL, before moving production to Akron, OH in 1908.  Production moved once again in 1922 to Springfield, OH with a second plant added in Fort Wayne, IN a year later.  The 13,622 M4 Half Tracks were built at the Springfield facility from October 1942 through January 1944.  Most of the trucks built by International were used by the Navy or Marine Corps or became part of the Lend-Lease program.  

International Harvester World War Two / WWII Production Numbers / Statistics:  (1,123) M-1-4 1/2 Ton 4x4 Utility Trucks, (10,450) M-2-4 One Ton 4x4 Trucks, (unknown small amount) M-3-6 1&1/2 Ton 4x4 Trucks, (36,320 approximate) M-5-6  2&1/2 Ton 6x6 Cargo Trucks, (4,460) H542-9 M425/ H542-11 M426 Five Ton 4x2 tractors, (5,290) M5 13 Ton High Speed Tractors (Artillery Prime Movers), and (13,622) M4 Half Tracks.  This list is what one can normally find for the contribution of International Harvester during the Second World War. 

The group of products listed below is not normally mentioned but was found in the magazine advertisement from WWII as shown below.  While several of the items listed overlap there are some items not normally associated with International for this period. 

Mark VIII Torpedoes, Aircraft Cannons, 20mm Oerlikon Gun Mounts, Tractors, Airfield Command Trucks, Armored Scout Car Hulls, Gun Loaders, Aircraft Engine Cowlings, Tank Transmissions, Blood Bank Refrigerators, Shells, 155 mm High Speed Gun Carriages, USMC Invasion Ice Chests.

33rd in dollar value of WWII production contracts.

International-Harvester Half Track Production
Year Number built Type Comments
1942-1943 (4,625) M5 Similar to the M3 built by Autocar, Diamond T and White.  Due to differences International units did not see combat with US combat forces. Some were used in state side training but the majority were supplied to Allied Forces under Lend-Lease.
1943-1944 (2,959) M5A1 Similar to the M3A1 built by Autocar, Diamond T and White.  Due to differences International units did not see combat with US combat forces. Some were used in state side training but the majority were supplied to Allied Forces under Lend-Lease.
1943 (2,026) M9 Similar to the M2 built by Autocar, Diamond T and White.  Due to differences International units did not see combat with US combat forces. Some were used in state side training but the majority were supplied to Allied Forces under Lend-Lease.
1943 (1,407) M9A1 Similar to the M2A1 built by Autocar, Diamond T and White.  Due to differences International units did not see combat with US combat forces. Some were used in state side training but the majority were supplied to Allied Forces under Lend-Lease.
1942-1943 (1,605) M14 Similar to the M13 built by Autocar, Diamond T and White.  Due to differences International units did not see combat with US combat forces.  All went to the British Army.
1943-1944 (1,000) M17 Similar to the M16 built by Autocar, Diamond T and White.  Due to differences International units did not see combat with US combat forces.  All went to the Soviet Union.
Total 13,622    


This is a 1909 International Harvester Auto Wagon, its first truck.  3,441 were built in Akron, OH and it came with a 16 hp engine.  Author's photo at the National Auto and Truck Museum in Auburn, IN.


The business end of a Mark VIII aerial torpedo.  The Mark VIII was also used by PT boats but would not have the ring around the propellers.  International Harvester produced the Mark VIII along with Pontiac Motor Division of General Motors, The Naval Torpedo Station at Newport, RI and Ameritorp Corporation.   Author's photo from the Air Force Museum.


 This was one of the most complicated and difficult weapons of WWII to build, containing 5,222 individual parts and 1,225 assemblies.  Author's photo from the Air Force Museum.


The International Harvester M-1-4 1/2 ton 4x4 trucks were used extensively by the US Navy and Marine Corps.  From the collection at the National Military Historical Center, Auburn, IN.  Author's Photo.


Due to the fact only 1,123 M-1-4 trucks were built this is a very rare example.  The Navy took 232 as cargo trucks and 891 as ambulances.  Author's Photo.


This International Harvester M5 high speed tractor is from the collection at the National Military Historical Center, Auburn, IN.  Author's Photo.


Author's Photo.


A 20mm Oerlikon gun and gun mount as seen on the USS Kidd in Baton Rouge, LA.  International Harvester built gun mounts for this type weapon during the Second World War.  Note that there is space underneath the tabs around the bottom for the gunner to place the toes of his boots or shoes to stabilize himself.  Author's Photo.


This is a quarter scale engineering model of the International Harvester M4 Half Track that was built at Springfield, OH during World War Two.  This model is on display at the at the National Auto and Truck Museum in Auburn, IN.  Author's Photo.


Here are four International Harvester 4x2 M425/M426 tractors with ten ton trailers in Belgium at the end of the Second World War.


Seen here at the 2014 MVPA National Convention in Louisville, KY in late June is an M-2-4-233 one ton 4X4 truck.  This particular unit was delivered to the USMC on 1-11-1943.  Author's photo added 7-28-2014.


This is one of 10,450 built for the Navy and USMC during WWII.  Author's photo added 7-28-2014.


Author's photo added 7-28-2014.


Author's photo added 7-28-2014.


Author's photo added 7-28-2014.


Here an International M-2-4 undergoes testing in the winter snow.


On the right is a Marine M-2-4 and an International TD-18 tractor on the beach at Okinawa.


Marine M-2-4s at Camp Pendleton.


The International M-2-4 in combat.


This ad here gives a listing of all the war products International Harvester made during the war.  Half Track Military Vehicles, Torpedoes, Artillery Prime Movers (M5s), Automatic Airplane Cannons, Oerlikon Gun Mounts, Military Trucks, Military Tractors, Steel Products for Military Use, Aerodrome Command Trucks, Armored Scout Car Hulls, High Speed 155mm Gun Carriages (M5 again or is this the actual carriage for the gun?), Gun Loaders, Airplane Engine Cowling Assemblies, Tank Transmissions, Blood Bank Refrigerators, Shells, Gun Carriages (Again.), Adapter Boosters (?), Trackers (? Could this be tracks?), Marine Corps Invasion Ice Chests.


What a beautiful and classic looking truck!  This is one is a 1947 International Harvester dump truck and shows what its trucks looked like right after the Second World War.   Author's photo at the National Auto and Truck Museum in Auburn, IN.

 

 

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