The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson


Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
Manufacturers:
   B.F. Goodrich    Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  
Links

 

 Marmon-Herrington Company in World War Two
Indianapolis, IN - 1931-1963
Louisville, KY - 1963 to present

This page added 4-11-2017.

From 1902 to 1933, the Marmon Motor Car Company built automobiles.  Marmon-Herrington was formed in 1931 by Walter Marmon and Walter Herrington and focused on building all-wheel drive trucks.  The Marmon-Herrington was especially successful in converting Ford trucks into all-wheel drive.  Today, the company continues to provide all-wheel drive components to the heavy-duty trucking industry.


The Marmon "Wasp" that won the very first Indy 500 in 1911 is on display at the Indianapolis 500 Hall of Fame Museum in Speedway, IN.  The author viewed the vehicle at a local big box electronics retailer in Fishers, IN in March 2017.  The museum loans out the "Wasp" on a regular basis.  Author's photo.

Marmon-Herrington Company World War Two Production:
Four-wheel Drive Components - Marmon-Herrington supplied four-wheel drive trains to convert Ford trucks for the British Commonwealth.


Armored Cars - The Marmon-Herrington Armored Car consisted of a Canadian built Ford 3-ton truck that was then shipped to South Africa.  There, they were fitted with a Marmon-Herrington four-wheel drive train, and had the necessary armor and armament added.  The vehicles were known as Marmon-Herrington Armored Cars, even though the company only supplied the four-wheel-drive train.  A total 5,746 armored cars were built by the South Africans in several versions.  Today 33 still exist, all outside the United States.  They served not only in WWII, but also in the Indonesian National Revolution, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus, and the Rhodesian Bush War.


A Marmon-Herrington Mark III Armored Car manned by Indian troops during WWII.


Pre-WWII Tanks 1935-1942 - Marmon-Herrington built seven different style tanks similar to the CTMS tank shown below, displayed at the New Jersey National Guard Annex in Lawrenceville, NJ.  About 300 total tanks were built; being sold to the US Marine Corp, The Netherlands for service in the Dutch East Indies, and several Latin American countries.  The US Marines purchased 15; and 240 were taken by the US Army, which were used for training in Alaska.  Today, only four of the tanks remain worldwide.  All are in the United States. 

The Marmon-Herrington CTMS-1TB1 Light Tank



This is serial number 791, located in the artillery and armor section of the New Jersey National Guard Museum Annex at Lawrenceville, NJ.  Author's photo.


This design is typical of the pre-World War Two light tank design.  Differences in the other tanks included crew size, armament, and location of the turret.  Author's photo.


The information on the museum placard for this particular tank is incorrect.  It states that the CTMS tank served with American forces in Alaska.  The American Army in Alaska used the CTLS, and the turret was offset to the right, or left, of the tank.  Author's photo.


Author's photo.


Author's photo.


This CTLS light tank operated by the US Army in Alaska had the turret offset to the right side of the tank.


The Marmon-Herrington CTL-3A did not have a turret.  Five CTL-3As were delivered to the USMC in 1939 and were taken out of service in 1943.

WWII Tanks -
Marmon-Herrington's largest tank production run was the M22 Locust Light Tank.  The company built 830 between 1942 and 1945.  While the M22 was not assigned to any operational units with the US Army, 260 were shipped to Great Britain under Lend-Lease; where eight were involved on the British attack on the Rhine River.  After WWII the Egyptians used a significant number in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.  Today 19 M22s are left world wide, with ten being in the United States.


This M22 Locust tank is owned by the Roberts Armory in Rochelle, IL.  The author's photograph was taken at the 2015 Rockford, IL WWII re-enactment.  Note its size compared to the on looking spectators. 


Author's photo.


Author's photo.


The M22 squeezed a three-man crew into the vehicle.  There was the driver and tank commander/loader seen here, along with a gunner for the 37mm cannon.  Author's photo.


Author's photo.


Author's photo.


The relative size of the M22 to its supporting infantrymen is evident.  Author's photo.


 Author's photo.


The M22 was designed with the intention of being a light tank that could support airborne troops upon landing.  One of the methods of delivering the M22 to the airborne battlefield was to remove the turret, and then hook the turret and body of the tank to the bottom of a C-54.  Then after the paratroopers secured a suitable landing field for the C-54, the M22 tanks could be delivered and re-assembled for support.  British troops found that they could attach the turrets to the tank in about ten minutes using the C-54's internal hoist.  Ten minutes is a long time under fire to be putting a tank together.  All of this assumed that the paratroopers target area would include a landing field large enough to land the C-54.  It no doubt sounded like a good idea at the time.  It was never implemented.   Author's photo.

 

 

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