The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson

Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Serial Numbers for WWII Tanks built by the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   GMC   GMI   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck and Implement Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   Caterpillar   Clark Equipment Company   Cleveland Tractor Company   Federal Motor Truck   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Massey-Harris   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   R.G. LeTourneau   Seagrave Fire Apparatus   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
   B.F. Goodrich    Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  


Autocar in World War Two / WWII
Ardmore, PA
1897- Current

This page updated 12-6-2017.

Autocar still exists after having its name pass through several different owners in the consolidation of truck manufacturers in the United States in the last quarter of the 20th century.  Currently the name Autocar is owned by Grand Vehicle Works Holdings, LLC and makes garbage trucks in Hagerstown, IN.

Autocar World War Two Production Statistics:  (12,168) Halftracks of various models, (11,104) U-7144-T 4-ton trucks, (2,711)  U-8144-T 5-ton trucks for transporting bridge pontoons, (607) 5 ton trucks chassis that had van bodies added that contained radio and radar equipment, (97) 5 ton tractors for pulling fuel trailers.

Autocar won the Army-Navy "E" Award five times during WWII.

  Autocar Manufactured Halftracks built during WWII ( Partial listing)

Year Number built Type Comments
1942-43 2,202 M3 75mm Gun Motor Carriage (GMC)
1942 80 T28E1 Multiple Gun Carriage - One M1A2 37mm cannon and two .50 caliber M2 machine guns.  These were built in July and August of 1942 and then rushed to North Africa to provide anti-aircraft support.  They were considered to be most successful.
1943 500 M15 Multiple Gun Carriage - One M1A2 37mm cannon and two .50 caliber M2 machine guns.  .50 caliber M2 machine guns were air cooled rather than water cooled as on T28E1 and were mounted above the main gun.
1943-1944 1,652 M15A1 Multiple Gun Carriage - One M1A2 37mm cannon and two .50 caliber M2 machine guns.  . 50 caliber M2 guns were mounted below the main gun. 
? ? M16A1 As can be seen from the photo below Autocar also built the M16A1 Quad Mount .50 caliber M2 machine gun mount. 
Partial Total 4,434    

Note:  It should be noted that some sources indicate that White built the T28E1, M15 and M15A1.  However, the most reliable source and well known sources of WWII vehicle information show that those type halftracks were built by Autocar.

Autocar 75mm GMC M3 Production - Added 12-6-2017

  Aug 41 Sep 41 Feb 42 Mar 42 Apr 42  May 42 Jun 42 Jul 42 Aug 42 Sep 42
Number Produced  61 25 1 150 269 274 175 49 112 139
  Oct 42 Nov 42 Dec 42 Jan 43 Feb 43 Mar 43 Apr 43 Totals    
Number Produced  119 53 9 291 150 250 75 2,202    

Autocar was 85th in dollar value of WWII production contracts.

This is a 1904 Autocar Runabout as seen at the Gilmore Car Museum in Hickory Corners, MI.  Autocar exited the car business in 1911 to specialize in commercial vehicles and trucks.  Autocar pioneered the use in the United States of more than a one cylinder engine along with the use of a driveshaft rather than chain drive.  This had a two cylinder engine producing 10 hp.  Author's Photo.

This 1944 Autocar U-7144-T 4-ton truck was photographed at the 2017 World War Two Weekend in Reading PA.  It was one one of 11,104 built during WWII.  Author's Photo added 6-7-2017.

Author's Photo added 6-7-2017.

Author's Photo added 5-6-2017.

This pristine restoration was photographed at the 2013 Dayton Airshow.  Author's Photo.

Author's Photo.

A 1941Autocar M3 Half track seen at the 2014 MVPA Convention in Louisville, KY.  Author's Photo added 8-5-2014.

Author's Photo added 8-5-2014.

Author's Photo added 8-5-2014.

Author's Photo added 8-5-2014.

This Autocar M15A1 is on display at the US Army Basic Combat Training Museum at Fort Jackson, SC.  Author's photo added 4-7-2015.

This photo shows the M1A2 37mm anti-aircraft gun mounted above the M2 .50 Browning machine guns.  Author's photo added 4-7-2015.

Below is a World War Two period Autocar magazine advertisement that shows the M15 in action. 



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