The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson


Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
Manufacturers:
  Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  
Links

 

  Buick Overview

Buick built M18 Tank Destroyer Photos
Built at Flint, MI during 1943-44

This page added 12-12-2016.

Buick M18 Hellcat Production
Jul43 Aug43 Sep43 Oct43 Nov43 Dec43 Jan44 Feb44 Mar44 Apr44 May44 Jun44 Jul44 Aug44 Sep44 Oct44 Total
6 83 112 150 267 194 250 218 170 150 150 150 150 150 150 157 2507

Buick M18 Hellcat in Europe 1944-1945 - Strength and Losses

  Jun44 Jul44 Aug44 Sept44 Oct44 Nov44 Dec44 Jan45 Feb45 Mar45 Apr45  May45 Total
Strength 146 141 176 170 189 252 306 312 448 540 427 427 Losses
Losses 0 0 6 6 14 7 44 27 16 21 55 21 217


The  M18 Hellcat was powered by a Continental R-975 engine.


Buick M18 Hellcats undergoing final inspection at Buick.


Seventeen M18s in front of the Buick plant.

Location:  American Armored Foundation Museum, Dansville, VA
Serial Number:  Unknown
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Date of Photos: 11-8-2015


Location:  Buick Museum, Flint, MI
Serial Number:  Unknown
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Date of Photos: 6-17-2011 and 6-28-2015


This photo was taken in June, 2011.  It was part of a combined Flint Buick and Chevrolet WWII display.


When I returned to the museum four years later in June 2015 the Hellcat had been moved a stairway erected to allow visitors to look into the turret.


Location:  National Military History Center, Auburn, IN
Serial Number:  Unknown
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Date of Photos: 11-17-2013


Location:  Ropkey Armor Museum, Crawfordsville, MI
Serial Number:  Unknown
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Date of Photos: 3-28-2016


Looking through the driver's hatch the Detroit Transmission Division of GM Torqmatic automatic transmission is viewable.  The Buick M18 was the only tank destroyer to have an automatic transmission.


Here the gearshift handle is viewable along with the gear indication on top of the transmission.  On the floor there are only the accelerator and brake pedals.  A clutch pedal is not needed with the automatic transmission. 


Location:  Virginia Museum of Military Vehicles, Nokesville, VA
Serial Number:  2295
US Registration Number:  Unknown
Date Built:  Unknown
Date of Photos:  9-24-2016

 

 

 

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