The American Automobile Industry in World War Two
An American Auto Industry Heritage Tribute
By David D Jackson


Overview      The U.S. Auto Industry at the Normandy Invasion, June 6, 1944    The U.S. Auto Industry and the B-29 Bomber   U.S. Auto Industry Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   The Complete listing of All Army-Navy "E" Award Winners   Sherman Tanks of the American Auto Industry   Tank Destroyers of the American Auto Industry    M26 Pershing Tanks of the American Auto Industry

    Automobile Manufacturers:  American Bantam Car Company   Checker   Chrysler   Crosley   Ford   General Motors   Graham-Paige   Hudson
   Nash-Kelvinator   Packard      Studebaker    Willys-Overland

General Motors Divisions
(Undergoing development) Aeroproducts   Brown-Lipe-Chapin   Buick   Cadillac   Chevrolet   Cleveland Diesel   Delco Appliance   Delco Products   Delco Radio   Delco-Remy   Detroit Diesel   Detroit Transmission   Electro-Motive   Fisher Body   Frigidaire   GM Proving Grounds   GM of Canada   Guide Lamp   Harrison Radiator   Hyatt Bearings   Inland   Moraine Products   New Departure   Oldsmobile   Packard Electric   Pontiac   Saginaw Malleable Iron   Saginaw Steering Gear   Southern California Division   Rochester Products   United Motors Service

Truck Manufacturers:   American LaFrance   Autocar  Diamond T   International Harvester    Mack Truck
   Marmon-Herrington Company   Pacific Car and Foundry  Reo Motor Car Company   Ward LaFrance Truck Corporation   White Motor Company

Automotive Tire
Manufacturers:
   B.F. Goodrich    Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
 Updates and Additions  
Links

 

Chrysler Main Page  Dodge Trucks in Service with the Polish Army   Chrysler built M4 Sherman Photos   Chrysler built M4A3 Sherman Photos   Chrysler built M4A4 Sherman Photos    Chrysler built M3 Lee/Grant Tank Photos   Detroit Tank Arsenal Photos   Chrysler Post WWII M60 Patton Tank Photos

Dodge Trucks in World War Two

This page updated on 4-2-2016.

It is sad.  Dodge Trucks are longer built, as the powers to be at what was Chrysler Group LLC in 2010 dropped the name Dodge from the Ram and the trucks are now just sold under the name Ram.  Also just as sad, or maybe pathetic would be the better word, is that there is no Chrysler any more, as Chrysler Group LLC became FCA USA LLC on December 16, 2014.  What a shame!


This photo is from the wall of the Chrysler Museum in Auburn Hill, MI.  It is one of several posters that are displayed, showing Chrysler's contribution to the war effort during WWII.  The number of trucks produced as shown above is 393,515.  This compares to my grand total of 404,817 as seen below.  This is not unusual 70 years later to arrive at different numbers.  The important fact is that the Dodge Division of Chrysler supported the war effort with many different trucks for various applications and needs.

Below are production numbers for the various types of Dodge Trucks that I have been able to find from various sources.  Note that in the WC series there is no WC-2 or WC28-35.  I was able to find no reference to these designations.  All vehicles are 4x4 unless denoted otherwise.  Many of the differences between similar types are in the he size of the engines or engineering upgrades to meet the changing military requirements.

Vehicles designated in red have photos provided. 

Dodge Half-Ton Trucks
Model Number Description Number Built Comments, Year(s) built
VC Series
VC-1 Command and Reconnaissance Car 2,155 1940
VC-2 Radio 34 1940
VC-3  Pickup 816 Closed Cab, 1940
VC-4  Chassis 4 Closed Cab, 1940
VC-5  Pickup 1,607 Open Cab, 1940
VC-6 Carryall 24 1940
VC Sub Total   4,460  
WC Series
WC-1 Express Body 2,573 Closed Cab, Longitudinal Seats, 1941
WC-3 Express Body 7,808 Open Cab, Traverse Seats, 1941
WC-4 Express Body 5,570 Open Cab, Traverse Seats with winch, 1941
WC-5 Express Body 60 Closed Cab, No Seats, 1941
WC-6 Command Reconnaissance and Radio Car 9,365 1941
WC-7 Command Reconnaissance and Radio Car 1,438 1941
WC-8 Radio 648 1941
WC-9 Ambulance 2,288 1941
WC-10 Carryall 1,643 1941
WC-11 Panel 353 1941
WC-12 Pickup 6,047 1941
WC-13 Pickup 3,019 Pickup, 1941
WC-14 Pickup 268 Closed Cab, 1941
WC-15 Command Reconnaissance and Radio Car 3,980 1941
WC-16 Radio 1,284 1941
WC-17 Carryall 274 1941
WC-18 Ambulance 1,555 1941
WC-19 Panel 103 1941
WC-20 Chassis only 30 Closed Cab, no body, 1941
WC-21 Pickup, Express and Weapons Carrier 14,287 1941-1942
WC-22 Pickup 1,900 Open Cab with winch, 1941
WC-23 Command Reconnaissance and Radio Car 2,637 1941-1942
WC-24 Command Reconnaissance and Radio Car 1,412 1941-1942
WC-25 Radio 1,630 1941-1942
WC-26 Carryall 2,900 1941-1942
WC-27 Ambulance 2,579 1941-1942
WC-36 4x2 Carryall 400 1941
WC-37 4x2 Panel 6 1941
WC-38 4x2 Pickup 362 Closed Cab, 1941
WC-39 4x2 Telephone Maintenance 1 Closed Cab, 1941
WC-40 Pickup 275 Closed Cab, 1941
WC-41 No Body 306 Closed Cab, 1941
WC-42 Radio Panel 650 1942
WC-43 Telephone Installation 370 1942
WC-47 4x2 Express 390 Closed Cab, 1942
WC-48 4x2 Carryall 374 1942
WC-49 4x2 Panel 8 1942
WC-50 4x2 Telephone Installation 1 1942
WC Sub Total   78,794  
Total Half Ton Trucks (VC and WC)   83,254  

 

Dodge 3/4 Ton Trucks

Model Number Description Number Built Comments
WC-51 Cargo Truck 123,541 1942-1945
WC-52 Cargo Truck 59,114 With Winch, 1942-1945
WC-53 Carryall 8,400 1942 until production ended 4-1943
WC-54 Ambulance 26,002 1942 until production ended 4-1944
WC-55 Gun Motor Carriage M6 5,380 Production from 4-1942 to 10-1942
WC-56 Command and Reconnaissance Car   21,156 1942-1944
WC-57 Command and Reconnaissance Car 6,010 With Winch.  1942 until production ended 4-1944
WC-58 Radio Truck 2,344 1942
WC-59 Telephone Maintenance 607  1943
WC-60 Emergency Repair Chassis, M2 300 1943-1944
WC-61 Light Maintenance Truck 58 Similar to the WC-59 with a full width body.
WC-64 Knock Down Ambulance 3,500 1-1945 to 8-1945
 Total 3/4 Ton   256,412  

 

Dodge 1-1/2 Ton Trucks

Model Number Description Number Built Comments
VF Series
VF-401 Cargo Truck 3,122 Closed Cab, 1940
VF-402 Cargo Truck 431 Closed Cab with winch, 1940
VF-403 Dump Truck 323 Closed Cab, 1940
VF-404 Cargo Truck 1,956 Closed Cab, 1940
VF-405 Cargo Truck 509 Closed Cab with winch, 1940
VF-406 Dump Truck 67 Closed Cab, 1940
VF-407 Ambulance 3 1940
VF Sub Total   6,411  
WF Series
WF-31 4x2 Chassis with Cab 516  Closed Cab, 1941-1942
WF Sub Total   516  
WC Series
WC-62 6x6 Truck 23,092 1943-1945
WC-63 6x6 Truck 20,132 With Winch, 1943-1945
WC Sub Total   43,224  
Total 1-1/2 Ton (VF, WF, WC)   50,151  

 

Dodge Three Ton Trucks
Model Number Description Number Built Comments
T234 3 Ton 15,000 For China.  No information is available beyond the information from the Chrysler Museum.  One would assume that the vehicle would be a single rear axle with double tires.
Sub Total   15,000  

 

Summary, Total Dodge Truck Production for WWII (1940-1945)

Capacity

 Number Built

Half Ton 83,254
3/4 Ton 256,412
1-1/2 Ton 50,151
3 Ton 15,000

Grand Total

404,817

Below are photos of the various Dodge WWII trucks that I have come across in my travels.


The beginning of the Dodge Truck line for WWII.  A VC-1 as seen at the 2014 MVPA National Convention in Louisville, KY.  The VC-1 was the first in the long series of trucks that by the time the war was over totaled. 404,817 units.  This is one of the first 2,155 produced by Dodge.  Author's photo.


A pristine restoration of a rare vehicle.  Author's photo.


Author's photo.



Another rare Dodge vehicle from WWII and the first of the prolific WC series is this WC-1.  This 1/2 ton Dodge Truck can be seen at the National Military Historical Center in Auburn, IN.  Only 2,473 for these were built during the Second World War.  This particular truck went to the US Army at Fort Lewis, WA on February 18, 1941.  Author's photo.


Author's photo.



A Dodge WC-3 photographed at the 2014 Thunder over Michigan Airshow.  Author's photo.


The WC-3 had no winch and transverse seating.  One seat is still in the truck with the others removed for the oil barrel.  The oil was being used to service the five Cadillac M5/M5A1 tanks that participated in the show.  Author's photo.


7,808 WC-3s were built.  It was great to see this driving around the event and not as a museum display.  Author's photo.



This Dodge WC-6 was built in March of 1942 and is one of 9,365 built.  Author's photo from the 2014 MVPA Louisville convention.


Author's photo.



Photographed at the 2013 Houston Airshow is this pristine 1941 Dodge WC-7 Command and Reconnaissance Car.  It is one of only 1,438 built. Author's photo added 12-25-2014.


Author's photo added 12-25-2014.


This ID tag shows a delivery date of April of 1941.  Author's photo added 12-25-2014.



Another Dodge at the 2014 Thunder over Michigan Airshow, this one a half ton WC-12 and one of 6,047 built.  Author's photo.


Here is 1941 Dodge WC-12 as seen at the 2013 Houston Airshow.  Author's photo added 12-25-2014.



This Dodge closed cab WC-21 is part of the collection at the Ropkey Armor Museum in Crawfordsville, IN.  Author's photo added 4-17-2015.


Author's photo added 4-17-2015.


Author's photo added 4-17-2015.



This WC-22 1/2 ton Pickup was built in December 1941 and is one of 1,900 manufactured.  Author's photo from the 2014 MVPA Louisville convention.


The WC-22 was designed to pull M3 37mm anti tank gun, crew and ammunition.  Author's photo.


Author's photo.


Model WC-22, serial number 81505598.  Author's photo.



Dodge WC24 1/2 Ton 4x4 Command and Reconnaissance Car as seen at the National Military Historical Center, Auburn, IN.  One of 1,412 built in 1941 and 1942.   Author's photo.



A third Dodge half ton truck at Thunder over Michigan in 2014.  This WC 27 ambulance was one of 2,579 built in 1941 and 1942.  This particular unit was produced in 1941.  Author's photo.



This nicely restored 1942 Dodge 3/4 ton WC-51 was seen at the Urbana Airport in November of 2013, when I was there for the Gathering of B-25s for the last Doolittle Reunion and Flyover.  Author's photo.


Author's photo.


Author's photo.


This was one of 37,100 WC-51s built in 1942 and 123,541 form 1941-1945.  Author's photo.



This WC-52 is identical to the WC-51 above except it came with the winch.  59,114 of these were built by Dodge from 1942 until 1945.   Author's photo from the 2012 Tico Airshow.



This 1943 WC-53 3/4 ton Carryall was one of 8,400 built in 1942 and 1943.  Author's photo from the 2014 MVPA Louisville convention. 


 Author's photo.


Author's photo.


Author's photo.



One of 26,002 WC-54 ambulance versions of the 3/4 ton Dodge trucks which were built between 1942 and April of 1944.  Author's photo from the National Military Historical Center, Auburn, IN.


 Author's photo.



This WC-55 was designated as an M6 Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) by the US Army. With its 37mm cannon it was an interim solution for a mobile anti-tank weapon until the more well armed half tracks and M10s were available.  Author's photo from the 2014 MVPA Louisville convention. 


 Author's photo.


 In this location there was provision for 24 rounds of ammunition.  Author's photo.


 While truly under gunned, the M6 GMC did have a large shield.  But the crew had to ride to battle unprotected sitting on the seats in the rear.  Author's photo.


Provision is make for another 24 rounds of 37mm ammunition on the right side of the vehicle and a rare radio installation is in the location of the passenger seat.  Author's photo.


 All 5,380 of the WC-55s were built in 1942.  This particular one came off the assembly line in June of that year.  Author's photo.



Here one of 21,156 WC-56 Command and Reconnaissance Cars  built by Dodge between 1942 and 1944.  Author's photo from the 2014 MVPA Louisville convention. 


 This one was built on 3-2-1943.  Author's photo.



The WC-57 Command and Reconnaissance Car was the same as the WC-56 expect it had the winch.  This one of 6,101 built between 1942 and end of production in April of 1944.  Author's photo from the National Military Historical Center, Auburn, IN.


 
Seen here is a WC-62 1-1/2 ton truck which was part of the military display at the 2014 Evansville, IN ShrinersFest. 23,092 were delivered to the military between 1943 and 1945.  Author's photo.


This very well restored Dodge 6x6 1&1/2 ton truck was on display at the 2013 MVPA Rally at the Ropkey Armor Museum in September of 2013.  This was designated as either a WC62 or WC63 depending on whether it had the winch making this a WC-63.  This was a stretched version of the 3/4 ton 4x4 WC-52 shown above and and 96% of the same parts were used while being four feet longer.  The added length was needed when the US Army went from an 8 man infantry squad to a 12 man squad.   Dodge built 20,132 trucks of this type along with all the other military trucks at its Mounds Road Plant in Warren, MI truck plant.   Author's photo. 


 Author's photo. 


A 1941 Dodge Sedan that is painted to look like a Dodge WWII staff car.  Dodge, back before WWII made automobiles, just as it does now.  Author's photo from the Tico Warbird Museum in Titusville, FL.


Author's photo.


Author's photo.


Author's photo.


This Dodge tractor unit was photographed at the 2016 WWII Weekend in Reading, PA.  It is in the colors of the USN Seabees.   Author's photo added 5-2-2017.
 

 

 

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